Austin is known as a "clean-air city" for its stringent no-smoking ordinances that apply to all public places and buildings, including restaurants and bars.Austin, Travis County and Williamson County have been the site of human habitation since at least 9200 BC.
state of Texas and the seat of Travis County, with portions extending into Hays and Williamson counties.
On August 1, 1839, the first auction of 217 out of 306 lots total was held.
The grid plan Waller designed and surveyed now forms the basis of downtown Austin.
The fear of Austin's proximity to the Indians and Mexico, which still considered Texas a part of their land, created an immense motive for Sam Houston, the first and third President of the Republic of Texas, to relocate the capital once again in 1841.
Upon threats of Mexican troops in Texas, Houston raided the Land Office to transfer all official documents to Houston for safe keeping in what was later known as the Archive War, but the people of Austin would not allow this unaccompanied decision to be executed.