A file system is the magic tool that lets an operating system read the data on any hard drive or USB drive.
Unfortunately, there are a number of file systems out there, and not every operating system plays nice with each one. But for the sake of this article, we are focusing on FAT32 and ex FAT, the two best file systems for external hard drives and USB drives.
Hi thanks in advance I have a problem with my USB flash memory.
My file system shows that it is RAW and i can't access the flash (CAN'T FORMAT) when I use disk management; it appears to format 100% then fails., nor can I do it in the command line. i have the same problem..mine i cant access it...i try to open it the files hangs but the light on my usb still blinking anyone can help?
But your external hard drives and USB drives should use FAT32 or ex FAT.
Usually when you go to format a USB drive, Windows will suggest FAT32 as the default file system.
FAT (File Allocation Table) is the oldest of these file systems, and is hence recognized by every operating system.
For personal computers, the first one used was FAT12, followed by FAT16, and then the current FAT32.
In short, NTFS works flawlessly with Windows and not much else.
Some Linux distros also don’t support ex FAT out of the box.
You will need to install the package for that by opening a Terminal window and typing: FAT32 can only support files up to 4 GB in size and can only be used as the file system on hard drives that are 8 TB or less.
Note: All benchmarks show that NTFS is much faster than ex FAT.
The bottom line is that unless you are 100 percent sure that you will never have a file smaller than 4 GB, format the drive as ex FAT.