In 1830, Jackson signed the Indian Removal Act, which forcibly relocated most members of the Native American tribes in the South to Indian Territory.
The relocation process dispossessed the Indians and resulted in widespread death and disease.
Surveys of historians and scholars have ranked Jackson favorably among United States presidents.
Andrew Jackson was born on March 15, 1767, in the Waxhaws region of the Carolinas.
In the final two hours of the journey, a torrential downpour began which worsened the effects of the smallpox.
Within two days of arriving back home, Robert was dead and Andrew in mortal danger.
In foreign affairs, Jackson's administration concluded a "most favored nation" treaty with Great Britain, settled claims of damages against France from the Napoleonic Wars, and recognized the Republic of Texas.
His presidency marked the beginning of the ascendancy of the party "spoils system" in American politics.
After nursing Andrew back to health, Elizabeth volunteered to nurse American prisoners of war on board two British ships in the Charleston harbor, where there had been an outbreak of cholera.
In November she died from the disease and was buried in an unmarked grave. He blamed the British personally for the loss of his brothers and mother.
His parents were Scots-Irish colonists Andrew and Elizabeth Hutchinson Jackson, Presbyterians who had emigrated from present day Northern Ireland two years earlier.
When they immigrated to North America in 1765, Jackson's parents probably landed in Philadelphia.