He became a leading figure in and eventually the leader of the Awami League, founded in 1949 as an East Pakistan-based political party in Pakistan.
Mujib is credited as an important figure in efforts to gain politician autonomy for East Pakistan and later as the central figure behind the Bangladesh Liberation Movement and the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971.
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; (17 March 1920 – 15 August 1975), shortened as Sheikh Mujib or just Mujib, was a Bengali politician and statesman.
Amid rising political agitation, Mujib initiated one party socialist rule in January 1975.
Six months later, he and most of his family were assassinated by renegade army officers during a coup.
A martial law government was subsequently established.
After 61 year, in 2010, the expulsion has withdrawn terming the expulsion as unjust and undemocratic. During this period, Mujib worked actively for the League's cause of a separate Muslim state of Pakistan, and in 1946 he went on to become general secretary of the Islamia College Students Union. Bhaskaran Nair describes that Mujib "emerged as the most powerful man in the party" because of his proximity to Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy.At the heightening of sectional tensions, he outlined a 6-point autonomy plan and was jailed by the regime of Field Marshal Ayub Khan for treason.Mujib led the Awami League to win the first democratic election of Pakistan in 1970.He is considered to be the driving force behind the independence of Bangladesh.He is popularly known under the title of Bangabandhu (Bôngobondhu "Friend of Bengal").