Activities which are subject to the prostitution laws include: selling and buying sexual services, soliciting in public places, running brothels, deriving financial gain from the prostitution of another, offering premises to be used for prostitution etc.Often, the prostitution laws are not clear-cut, and are subject to interpretation, leading to many legal loopholes.Germany is listed by the UNODC as one of the most common destinations for victims of human trafficking. (It has been legalized and regulated by the government since 1999.) Under the law, prostitutes are professionals who engage in sexual activities in exchange for money.The government allows this activity as long as they pay taxes and keep legal documents.Prostitution itself is legal, but operating brothels and other activities related to prostitution are prohibited.Women and children are trafficked for sexual exploitation to Turkey, Israel, the United Arab Emirates, Ukraine, Russia, Cyprus, Greece, Albania, Romania, Hungary, Slovakia, the Czech Republic, Austria, France, Italy, and Portugal.Clients are not prosecuted, unless they knowingly use the services of a victim of human trafficking.The government had considered legalizing and regulating it (in 2007).
Prostitution and human trafficking is a major problem due to police corruption.
Prostitution in Liechtenstein is illegal, but is tolerated by the police as long as it is not street prostitution.
In Poland prostitution is legal, but operating brothels or other forms of pimping or coercive prostitution and prostitution of minors are prohibited.
The authorities have tried to lead awareness among the population about the extent of this problem, and during the early 2000s the authorities launched numerous information campaigns.
One consisted of billboards in the streets of the capital Chişinău depicting a girl gripped in a huge clenched fist and being exchanged for dollars. Prior to that date, it was considered a criminal offense (infracţiune) punishable by up to 3 years imprisonment; currently it is an administrative offense (contravenție) punishable by a fine of 500–1500 lei (approximately 110–330 euros as of 2016).